A saddle for a riding horse is an element on which the health of an animal and a person directly depends. The importance of choosing it correctly, taking into account the physique and the goals set, is extremely important. The modern market offers a very large number of models and varieties, which can be compared and evaluated only with certain knowledge.


Perhaps only Indians and cowboys from westerns are able to make long transitions on the same saddle and perform crazy stunts. In reality, there is a different saddle design for each task. Main varieties:

  • sports;
  • special;
  • on two runners;
  • for ponies.

Sports saddles are used for training and competition. Severe loads provide sufficient strength while being comfortable for both horse and man. Options are training, show jumping, dressage, triathlon saddles.

Special saddles are used exclusively for specific purposes: horse racing, runs, horse riding, vaulting, etc.

Saddles on two plastic or wooden runners combine a very large number of walking, drill, farm and other types. They can have various decorations and numerous mounts for ammunition.


Choosing the right saddle type for specific purposes (loads) is just the beginning. When buying, you should pay attention to:

  • material – it must be made of soft durable leather or synthetics of similar characteristics;
  • sitting – strength, density, ease of fit and no seams at the point of contact;
  • strength and reliability with a locksmith lock;
  • saddle cushions – elasticity, uniformity of weight distribution, packing density – no risk of injury to the horse’s back from knotted bumps;
  • lienchik (lower part) – the integrity and strength of the structure and its placement in the center of the horse;
  • size – the longer the thigh, the larger (front and back should fit across the width of the palm).

Complete with a saddle or separately, you need to purchase harnesses, stirrups, saddle cloth and girth.


The saddle of a horse is as individual as a person’s shoes. Trying it on before use is mandatory: each animal has its own features of the structure of the back, which require specific dimensions.

The first time the saddle is applied without a protective saddle pad – 5 cm beyond the normal position. Then it should be displaced into the “fold” (from the sides of the withers). If the product moves further and rests against the withers, it definitely does not fit and threatens with injuries. In a normal position without loading the rider, there should be a pair of fingers between the bow and the withers.

In no case should the saddle touch the shoulder blades (hinder movement), and the soft shelves should fit well to the muscles, in other words, ensure an even distribution of loads. At the same time, it is necessary to protect the spine from injuries – there should be a gap above it between the pillows, which, among other things, guarantees good ventilation of the back.

When the horse moves, it is not permissible to move the saddle in any plane. If the animal moves easily and without whims, this is its size. A tucked tail, a tense back or ears should alert you.